Sacred places are unique architectural structures, most of which for centuries not only take believers and religious people, but tens of thousands of tourists. Temples are structures present in almost every city of the world and each of them deserves special attention. However, some just shake their beauty and architecture.
The Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter, Vatican
To replacee religious structure, is the center of Christianity worldwide. The building, the total height of 136 meters, covers an area of more than 2 hectares, and at the same time can accommodate about 60 thousand people. On the territory of modern St. Peter’s Basilica in 324 ad, the first Roman Emperor the Church was built.
The current Church served 1,200 years until it was converted into a large Cathedral, which seemed the present. In the construction and alteration of the Church in the Cathedral was attended by the famous personalities of the era: Bramante Donato, J. Lorenzo Bernini and Michelangelo. Continue reading
One of the most beautiful Gothic churches in Europe, St. Vitus Cathedral is visible from any part of Prague. Before him pales all other destinations in the Czech Republic the Gothic style, so it is unique and unrepeatable.
St. Vitus Cathedral: history
This colossal structure has no analogues in the world not only for its Gothic architecture, but primarily its history. You know at least one building, which was built over seven centuries? Now you can see: the Cathedral of St Vitus Cathedral began in the mid-fourteenth century and was not completed even to the XX century. Historians distinguish several stages of his storied construction.
Stage I: 1344-1419, the Initiators of the construction of the Cathedral was made by the Archbishop Ernest and king of Bohemia Charles IV. The temple was originally conceived as a place for the coronation, and the family vault of the Royal Treasury. Due to the Hussite wars, the construction was halted.
Stage II: 1490-1510, Czech king Vladislav Jagiellon wanted to finish the construction of the great Cathedral and committed him to ratu Benedict, a talented architect, but the process was suspended due to lack of funds. Continue reading
Everyone who is involved with the romance of the middle ages, sooner or later becomes wonder which castle is the most ancient, the biggest, most beautiful…
I will try to answer these questions to the best of their knowledge and the information that can be found on the Internet.
Russian sources suggest the role of the oldest a lot of different locks. But if you open the English Wikipedia list of the oldest buildings in the world, it turns out that scientists found the oldest ruins of the stone walls of the castle or perhaps the fortress is located in Germany North of the Alps.
This structure is called Heinsenberg (it. Heunischenburg). However, this name, according to the researchers, was given to fortification in the middle ages, and its walls were built in the 9th century BC.
However, it is recognized that Heinsenberg unlikely to be fully what we today mean by the word castle. And in this case we have much more reason to believe the oldest, located in England, Dover castle. Continue reading