As shown in the previous Chapter, many groups over the centuries, changing, replenishing with new facilities and acquired new aesthetic qualities. In addition, each era was created in the historical cities of their ensembles, which often evolved into a single art system with ancient ensembles. All of this suggests that today it is possible and often necessary new construction that complements the historic town of new ensembles or even individual incorporating modern facilities into the existing ensemble construction.
But we must bear in mind that today the blend of old and new becomes a problem many times more complex than before. This is due to the changing scale and technology of new construction, with the necessity of solving a number of complex engineering and social issues with the advent of an entirely new stage in the development of urban culture in the broadest sense of the word. So today it is particularly important that the introduction of the new building in the old city was carried out with great tact and skill, with preliminary thorough study of the historical principles of the buildings of the old town and only in those cases when it is possible to prove the need for such new construction. Continue reading
Classic, as you know, immortal. Its heard all styles, but few are able to distinguish Empire from modern. So, it’s time to learn what classical styles and how they differ from each other.
Antique style . Features five distinguished antique clothes: pattern, structure, proportionality, symmetry, appropriateness. At that time the mortal body of our first ancestor came to be regarded as the mirror tribute to mirror the perfection of the world. Accordingly, the clothes also had to bend the laws of logic and harmony. In this regard, we developed the five requirements. What do they mean?
Regularity and organization was called the cloth use is strictly of a certain width, in accordance with the size of the loom. The clothes weren’t cut, but only gathered matter into vertical folds. The proportionality and symmetry of the dress was reflected in their strict conformity to the structure of the human figure. Without exception, all followed the motto born in Greece: “Everything in moderation”. Great importance was given to the appropriateness of clothing — she had to conform to the shape and needs of the owner. Continue reading
Each cultural epoch has its own peculiar only to her philosophy and understanding of nature and society, time and space, the order of the universe, the relations of people in society etc. All these representations of the medieval era were shaped by the Christian creed and the Christian Church . The first form of medieval Romanesque aesthetics becomes a type of artistic perception, which reflected the time of feudal fragmentation. In the tenth century artistic culture of the middle Ages were able to create a unified European style that received the name of Romanesque (“in the manner of the Romans”).
Unstable historical situation, the constant conflicts of the knights of the almost incessant wars led to the transformation of architecture in the principal art form of the Romanesque style. Stone buildings in the period of civil strife became fortresses and protect people. These structures had massive walls and narrow Windows. Continue reading