Surely most people on the question of which object in England is the most mysterious, definite answer: “Stonehenge”. And all unmistakably recognize him in photos, even if you have never been to Britain. Indeed, this giant circle of huge standing stones impresses modern people.
But that is not the answer to the basic question — who and for what purpose built this megalithic object.
Someone sees it as an ancient sanctuary to the unknown gods, someone ancient Observatory, and some sort of stone computer. But none of these hypotheses is able to answer many controposto, the main of which can be formulated as: “Why for its construction had to drag for 400 kilometers of stone blocks weighing tens of tons from Ireland from the mountains of Preseli, where only and occur used for the construction of the Stonehenge rocks?” Maybe we just do not realize about the true purpose of this historical monument? Continue reading
Despite the fact that all the megalithic temples of Malta were excavated long ago, and the Internet, there are quite a lot of scientific publications devoted to them, their place in the culture of prehistoric Europe is not completely clear. In the last few years historians and archaeologists have put forward several hypotheses about the origin of the Maltese megaliths.
The construction of temples on Malta began much earlier than in continental Europe (the oldest known – Cairn de Barnenez, Finistere, France, 4500 G. BC), and, therefore, of the Maltese megaliths are largely prototypes for monuments of other regions. Obvious is the fact that the culture of prehistoric Malta are largely associated with Sicily, so archaeologists suggest that Malta was a cult centre of the peoples of the Sicilian Neolithic-paleometal. Historians have determined that the megalithic temples of Malta, like other megaliths of Western and southern Europe served archeoastronomical viewfinders, tsekavshiri beam of light at sunrise in the days of the solstices and the equinoxes, which is quite rare in the megalithic area. Continue reading
The most formidable building defensive walls of Mycenae and Tiryns, Sardinian towers, religious buildings Balearic Islands and the island of Malta, the ancient Mexican and Peruvian architecture. The ruins of cyclopean structures are in Mesopotamia, India, Transcaucasia, Crimea, Tajikistan, Siberia. Who and at what time built these enormous edifices, it is not known. Interestingly, some architectural elements of the buildings is clearly “not” the common man is too tall stair treads, huge doorways and Windows, huge stone benches, etc.
Tiryns, an ancient city in the Argolid (Greece), birthplace of the legendary Hercules. The first settlement on this place existed in the Neolithic period. Agiscono according to the myth, the fortress was built by giants: Seven Revoluci Cyclopes came from Lycia to king Tripssono Rocks and built of huge stones of the keep of the city.
In the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC Tiryns became the capital of the state of the Achaeans. The city was surrounded by strong stone walls referred to by Homer in “the Iliad” and later described by Pausanias (“Description of Greece”). The thickness of the fortified towers of the fortress walls in some places reaches 10 and even 17 meters, inside them were the living quarters, storage for food orujii. From the fortress underground passage led to the water source. Tiryns during the invasion of the Dorians was burned. In the 1st Millennium BC Tiryns remained a small policy. About 470 BC, the city was finally destroyed by Argostoli. Continue reading