As shown in the previous Chapter, many groups over the centuries, changing, replenishing with new facilities and acquired new aesthetic qualities. In addition, each era was created in the historical cities of their ensembles, which often evolved into a single art system with ancient ensembles. All of this suggests that today it is possible and often necessary new construction that complements the historic town of new ensembles or even individual incorporating modern facilities into the existing ensemble construction.
But we must bear in mind that today the blend of old and new becomes a problem many times more complex than before. This is due to the changing scale and technology of new construction, with the necessity of solving a number of complex engineering and social issues with the advent of an entirely new stage in the development of urban culture in the broadest sense of the word. So today it is particularly important that the introduction of the new building in the old city was carried out with great tact and skill, with preliminary thorough study of the historical principles of the buildings of the old town and only in those cases when it is possible to prove the need for such new construction. Continue reading
Sacred places are unique architectural structures, most of which for centuries not only take believers and religious people, but tens of thousands of tourists. Temples are structures present in almost every city of the world and each of them deserves special attention. However, some just shake their beauty and architecture.
The Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter, Vatican
To replacee religious structure, is the center of Christianity worldwide. The building, the total height of 136 meters, covers an area of more than 2 hectares, and at the same time can accommodate about 60 thousand people. On the territory of modern St. Peter’s Basilica in 324 ad, the first Roman Emperor the Church was built.
The current Church served 1,200 years until it was converted into a large Cathedral, which seemed the present. In the construction and alteration of the Church in the Cathedral was attended by the famous personalities of the era: Bramante Donato, J. Lorenzo Bernini and Michelangelo. Continue reading
Classic, as you know, immortal. Its heard all styles, but few are able to distinguish Empire from modern. So, it’s time to learn what classical styles and how they differ from each other.
Antique style . Features five distinguished antique clothes: pattern, structure, proportionality, symmetry, appropriateness. At that time the mortal body of our first ancestor came to be regarded as the mirror tribute to mirror the perfection of the world. Accordingly, the clothes also had to bend the laws of logic and harmony. In this regard, we developed the five requirements. What do they mean?
Regularity and organization was called the cloth use is strictly of a certain width, in accordance with the size of the loom. The clothes weren’t cut, but only gathered matter into vertical folds. The proportionality and symmetry of the dress was reflected in their strict conformity to the structure of the human figure. Without exception, all followed the motto born in Greece: “Everything in moderation”. Great importance was given to the appropriateness of clothing — she had to conform to the shape and needs of the owner. Continue reading