Gothic style in the interior
This expressive and memorable style appeared in Europe in the twelfth century, replacing a Roman. Ruled in architecture and interior design over three centuries, but in the XV century was…

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The great wall of China
The development of Chinese architecture found its expression in the construction of palaces, monasteries, and temples. The materials except the stone were wood, bamboo, cane, clay and terracotta, earthenware, porcelain.…

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The Church of the ascension in Kolomenskoye – Moscow

The Church of the ascension in Kolomenskoye ( [show location on an interactive map] 55°40’02” N. lat. 37°40’15” e / 55.667222° n 37.670833° E. (G)55.667222, 37.670833) — one of the first stone tent churches in Russia.

Kolomenskoye, built in 1529-1532 years in the (presumably Italian architect petrocom Small) on the right Bank of the Moscow river. Churchwarden of the temple of the great Prince of Moscow Vasily III. Perhaps the temple was erected in honor of the birth of the son of the great Prince, the future Tsar Ivan the terrible.

“The brief chronicler of the Russian land” (XVI century) under the year 1532 says: “the Prince Vasilej the great built the Church of the Kamen Vnesenie of our Lord Jesus Christ up on the wooden thing.” Until investigations kavelmahera in the 1990-ies showed an earlier date of Trinity Church in Alexandrov Sloboda (1510-ies), the Church of the ascension was considered to be the first stone Church marquee in Russia. Continue reading

The Gothic art of France

In some architectural schools (e.g. in England) the number of ribs was great, the builders gave extra rib, so-called lierne, tierceron.

Gothic cross in the arch loads are applied does not on the whole circumference, but only in those places, where the diagonal and axial ribs. This is effective not only to Central but to the side naves. In fact, in the Gothic cathedrals of the wall between the pylons are eliminated and replaced with vast window openings. In this framing system, the places of application of force and a reference point was supposed to strengthen. In this regard, acquire a special role of the buttresses for greater stability which they gave stepped.

In Gothic architecture appear the so-called flying buttresses, which were a crucial element in the overall system balance of the building. The flying buttresses — protivozastojnye elements, “sloping” of the arch (the arch), a fifth adjacent to the base of the vault of the main nave, and the other resting against a massive pillar standing in a row of others on the line of the exterior walls of the building. Continue reading

The way art and culture of the middle Ages

Each cultural epoch has its own peculiar only to her philosophy and understanding of nature and society, time and space, the order of the universe, the relations of people in society etc. All these representations of the medieval era were shaped by the Christian creed and the Christian Church . The first form of medieval Romanesque aesthetics becomes a type of artistic perception, which reflected the time of feudal fragmentation. In the tenth century artistic culture of the middle Ages were able to create a unified European style that received the name of Romanesque (“in the manner of the Romans”).

Unstable historical situation, the constant conflicts of the knights of the almost incessant wars led to the transformation of architecture in the principal art form of the Romanesque style. Stone buildings in the period of civil strife became fortresses and protect people. These structures had massive walls and narrow Windows. Continue reading