Sacred places are unique architectural structures, most of which for centuries not only take believers and religious people, but tens of thousands of tourists. Temples are structures present in almost every city of the world and each of them deserves special attention. However, some just shake their beauty and architecture.
The Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter, Vatican
To replacee religious structure, is the center of Christianity worldwide. The building, the total height of 136 meters, covers an area of more than 2 hectares, and at the same time can accommodate about 60 thousand people. On the territory of modern St. Peter’s Basilica in 324 ad, the first Roman Emperor the Church was built.
The current Church served 1,200 years until it was converted into a large Cathedral, which seemed the present. In the construction and alteration of the Church in the Cathedral was attended by the famous personalities of the era: Bramante Donato, J. Lorenzo Bernini and Michelangelo. Continue reading
The Republic Square is just couple of minutes walk away, there are the famous Powder tower, Municipal house and the largest shopping centres “palladium” and “Kotva”.
Powder gate – the gate stood already in the 13th century, it was one of 13 entrances to the Old city. In 1475 the cornerstone of the new tower was laid by king Vladislav Jagiellonian. Gate as a gift from the city authorities, in honor of the coronation was erected by the eminent architect Matej Rejsek on the model of the old town bridge tower built a century earlier by the famous architect Peter Phalerum. The priority was not the guard gate features, and a refined decoration of the facade as a relief of worthy additions to the architecture of the neighboring Royal court. After 8 years, when the king was forced to flee the city, up in arms, the construction was suspended. After returning to Prague, the king settled for more security at Prague castle. Its current name it received in the 17th century, when it served as a gunpowder warehouse. Sculpture, badly damaged during the Prussian occupation of Prague in 1757, and in most suspended, were restored during the reconstruction of the gate in 1876. Continue reading
The most formidable building defensive walls of Mycenae and Tiryns, Sardinian towers, religious buildings Balearic Islands and the island of Malta, the ancient Mexican and Peruvian architecture. The ruins of cyclopean structures are in Mesopotamia, India, Transcaucasia, Crimea, Tajikistan, Siberia. Who and at what time built these enormous edifices, it is not known. Interestingly, some architectural elements of the buildings is clearly “not” the common man is too tall stair treads, huge doorways and Windows, huge stone benches, etc.
Tiryns, an ancient city in the Argolid (Greece), birthplace of the legendary Hercules. The first settlement on this place existed in the Neolithic period. Agiscono according to the myth, the fortress was built by giants: Seven Revoluci Cyclopes came from Lycia to king Tripssono Rocks and built of huge stones of the keep of the city.
In the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC Tiryns became the capital of the state of the Achaeans. The city was surrounded by strong stone walls referred to by Homer in “the Iliad” and later described by Pausanias (“Description of Greece”). The thickness of the fortified towers of the fortress walls in some places reaches 10 and even 17 meters, inside them were the living quarters, storage for food orujii. From the fortress underground passage led to the water source. Tiryns during the invasion of the Dorians was burned. In the 1st Millennium BC Tiryns remained a small policy. About 470 BC, the city was finally destroyed by Argostoli. Continue reading