The Republic Square is just couple of minutes walk away, there are the famous Powder tower, Municipal house and the largest shopping centres “palladium” and “Kotva”.
Powder gate – the gate stood already in the 13th century, it was one of 13 entrances to the Old city. In 1475 the cornerstone of the new tower was laid by king Vladislav Jagiellonian. Gate as a gift from the city authorities, in honor of the coronation was erected by the eminent architect Matej Rejsek on the model of the old town bridge tower built a century earlier by the famous architect Peter Phalerum. The priority was not the guard gate features, and a refined decoration of the facade as a relief of worthy additions to the architecture of the neighboring Royal court. After 8 years, when the king was forced to flee the city, up in arms, the construction was suspended. After returning to Prague, the king settled for more security at Prague castle. Its current name it received in the 17th century, when it served as a gunpowder warehouse. Sculpture, badly damaged during the Prussian occupation of Prague in 1757, and in most suspended, were restored during the reconstruction of the gate in 1876. Continue reading
In some architectural schools (e.g. in England) the number of ribs was great, the builders gave extra rib, so-called lierne, tierceron.
Gothic cross in the arch loads are applied does not on the whole circumference, but only in those places, where the diagonal and axial ribs. This is effective not only to Central but to the side naves. In fact, in the Gothic cathedrals of the wall between the pylons are eliminated and replaced with vast window openings. In this framing system, the places of application of force and a reference point was supposed to strengthen. In this regard, acquire a special role of the buttresses for greater stability which they gave stepped.
In Gothic architecture appear the so-called flying buttresses, which were a crucial element in the overall system balance of the building. The flying buttresses — protivozastojnye elements, “sloping” of the arch (the arch), a fifth adjacent to the base of the vault of the main nave, and the other resting against a massive pillar standing in a row of others on the line of the exterior walls of the building. Continue reading
Despite the fact that all the megalithic temples of Malta were excavated long ago, and the Internet, there are quite a lot of scientific publications devoted to them, their place in the culture of prehistoric Europe is not completely clear. In the last few years historians and archaeologists have put forward several hypotheses about the origin of the Maltese megaliths.
The construction of temples on Malta began much earlier than in continental Europe (the oldest known – Cairn de Barnenez, Finistere, France, 4500 G. BC), and, therefore, of the Maltese megaliths are largely prototypes for monuments of other regions. Obvious is the fact that the culture of prehistoric Malta are largely associated with Sicily, so archaeologists suggest that Malta was a cult centre of the peoples of the Sicilian Neolithic-paleometal. Historians have determined that the megalithic temples of Malta, like other megaliths of Western and southern Europe served archeoastronomical viewfinders, tsekavshiri beam of light at sunrise in the days of the solstices and the equinoxes, which is quite rare in the megalithic area. Continue reading