Pyramid at Saqqara
The very first pyramids are in Sakarya, this is the famous step pyramid. Historians do not doubt, that it was built in several stages, first made a small Mastaba in…

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The Gothic art of France
In some architectural schools (e.g. in England) the number of ribs was great, the builders gave extra rib, so-called lierne, tierceron. Gothic cross in the arch loads are applied does…

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The Church of the ascension in Kolomenskoye – Moscow

The Church of the ascension in Kolomenskoye ( [show location on an interactive map] 55°40’02” N. lat. 37°40’15” e / 55.667222° n 37.670833° E. (G)55.667222, 37.670833) — one of the first stone tent churches in Russia.

Kolomenskoye, built in 1529-1532 years in the (presumably Italian architect petrocom Small) on the right Bank of the Moscow river. Churchwarden of the temple of the great Prince of Moscow Vasily III. Perhaps the temple was erected in honor of the birth of the son of the great Prince, the future Tsar Ivan the terrible.

“The brief chronicler of the Russian land” (XVI century) under the year 1532 says: “the Prince Vasilej the great built the Church of the Kamen Vnesenie of our Lord Jesus Christ up on the wooden thing.” Until investigations kavelmahera in the 1990-ies showed an earlier date of Trinity Church in Alexandrov Sloboda (1510-ies), the Church of the ascension was considered to be the first stone Church marquee in Russia. Continue reading

Ancient and new buildings in historic sections of cities

As shown in the previous Chapter, many groups over the centuries, changing, replenishing with new facilities and acquired new aesthetic qualities. In addition, each era was created in the historical cities of their ensembles, which often evolved into a single art system with ancient ensembles. All of this suggests that today it is possible and often necessary new construction that complements the historic town of new ensembles or even individual incorporating modern facilities into the existing ensemble construction.

But we must bear in mind that today the blend of old and new becomes a problem many times more complex than before. This is due to the changing scale and technology of new construction, with the necessity of solving a number of complex engineering and social issues with the advent of an entirely new stage in the development of urban culture in the broadest sense of the word. So today it is particularly important that the introduction of the new building in the old city was carried out with great tact and skill, with preliminary thorough study of the historical principles of the buildings of the old town and only in those cases when it is possible to prove the need for such new construction. Continue reading


Classic, as you know, immortal. Its heard all styles, but few are able to distinguish Empire from modern. So, it’s time to learn what classical styles and how they differ from each other.

Antique style . Features five distinguished antique clothes: pattern, structure, proportionality, symmetry, appropriateness. At that time the mortal body of our first ancestor came to be regarded as the mirror tribute to mirror the perfection of the world. Accordingly, the clothes also had to bend the laws of logic and harmony. In this regard, we developed the five requirements. What do they mean?

Regularity and organization was called the cloth use is strictly of a certain width, in accordance with the size of the loom. The clothes weren’t cut, but only gathered matter into vertical folds. The proportionality and symmetry of the dress was reflected in their strict conformity to the structure of the human figure. Without exception, all followed the motto born in Greece: “Everything in moderation”. Great importance was given to the appropriateness of clothing — she had to conform to the shape and needs of the owner. Continue reading

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