Everyone who is involved with the romance of the middle ages, sooner or later becomes wonder which castle is the most ancient, the biggest, most beautiful…
I will try to answer these questions to the best of their knowledge and the information that can be found on the Internet.
Russian sources suggest the role of the oldest a lot of different locks. But if you open the English Wikipedia list of the oldest buildings in the world, it turns out that scientists found the oldest ruins of the stone walls of the castle or perhaps the fortress is located in Germany North of the Alps.
This structure is called Heinsenberg (it. Heunischenburg). However, this name, according to the researchers, was given to fortification in the middle ages, and its walls were built in the 9th century BC.
However, it is recognized that Heinsenberg unlikely to be fully what we today mean by the word castle. And in this case we have much more reason to believe the oldest, located in England, Dover castle. Continue reading
The most formidable building defensive walls of Mycenae and Tiryns, Sardinian towers, religious buildings Balearic Islands and the island of Malta, the ancient Mexican and Peruvian architecture. The ruins of cyclopean structures are in Mesopotamia, India, Transcaucasia, Crimea, Tajikistan, Siberia. Who and at what time built these enormous edifices, it is not known. Interestingly, some architectural elements of the buildings is clearly “not” the common man is too tall stair treads, huge doorways and Windows, huge stone benches, etc.
Tiryns, an ancient city in the Argolid (Greece), birthplace of the legendary Hercules. The first settlement on this place existed in the Neolithic period. Agiscono according to the myth, the fortress was built by giants: Seven Revoluci Cyclopes came from Lycia to king Tripssono Rocks and built of huge stones of the keep of the city.
In the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC Tiryns became the capital of the state of the Achaeans. The city was surrounded by strong stone walls referred to by Homer in “the Iliad” and later described by Pausanias (“Description of Greece”). The thickness of the fortified towers of the fortress walls in some places reaches 10 and even 17 meters, inside them were the living quarters, storage for food orujii. From the fortress underground passage led to the water source. Tiryns during the invasion of the Dorians was burned. In the 1st Millennium BC Tiryns remained a small policy. About 470 BC, the city was finally destroyed by Argostoli. Continue reading
The Cathedral is always one of the main temples of the city, or the temple, which is dedicated to some special event, so unlike ordinary churches, the cathedrals were built with special greatness. To cease to be a Cathedral, a temple is – this status is assigned once and for all. In principle, extra large dimensions for the Cathedral and not mandatory, but it is calculated on large divine service, so it just needs to do more.
This Lutheran Cathedral is the highest Cathedral of the world. The height of the Cathedral with the steeple is 161,5 m and 768 steps allow you to climb to a height of 143 m. Laying of the Cathedral took place in 1377, by the very construction began almost 20 years later in 1392. To 1405 was completed, only the main part of the Cathedral, with interruptions, he continued to completed a few centuries, and the building was completed in 1890. Thus, only the construction of the Gothic Cathedral took nearly half a Millennium.
This Basilica is the largest Christian churches in the world. Here at the same time the service can attend more than 18,000 people. However, the Roman Cathedral of St Peter with a smaller area can accommodate three times as many believers. Continue reading