Sacred places are unique architectural structures, most of which for centuries not only take believers and religious people, but tens of thousands of tourists. Temples are structures present in almost every city of the world and each of them deserves special attention. However, some just shake their beauty and architecture.
The Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter, Vatican
To replacee religious structure, is the center of Christianity worldwide. The building, the total height of 136 meters, covers an area of more than 2 hectares, and at the same time can accommodate about 60 thousand people. On the territory of modern St. Peter’s Basilica in 324 ad, the first Roman Emperor the Church was built.
The current Church served 1,200 years until it was converted into a large Cathedral, which seemed the present. In the construction and alteration of the Church in the Cathedral was attended by the famous personalities of the era: Bramante Donato, J. Lorenzo Bernini and Michelangelo. Continue reading
One of the most beautiful Gothic churches in Europe, St. Vitus Cathedral is visible from any part of Prague. Before him pales all other destinations in the Czech Republic the Gothic style, so it is unique and unrepeatable.
St. Vitus Cathedral: history
This colossal structure has no analogues in the world not only for its Gothic architecture, but primarily its history. You know at least one building, which was built over seven centuries? Now you can see: the Cathedral of St Vitus Cathedral began in the mid-fourteenth century and was not completed even to the XX century. Historians distinguish several stages of his storied construction.
Stage I: 1344-1419, the Initiators of the construction of the Cathedral was made by the Archbishop Ernest and king of Bohemia Charles IV. The temple was originally conceived as a place for the coronation, and the family vault of the Royal Treasury. Due to the Hussite wars, the construction was halted.
Stage II: 1490-1510, Czech king Vladislav Jagiellon wanted to finish the construction of the great Cathedral and committed him to ratu Benedict, a talented architect, but the process was suspended due to lack of funds. Continue reading
The most formidable building defensive walls of Mycenae and Tiryns, Sardinian towers, religious buildings Balearic Islands and the island of Malta, the ancient Mexican and Peruvian architecture. The ruins of cyclopean structures are in Mesopotamia, India, Transcaucasia, Crimea, Tajikistan, Siberia. Who and at what time built these enormous edifices, it is not known. Interestingly, some architectural elements of the buildings is clearly “not” the common man is too tall stair treads, huge doorways and Windows, huge stone benches, etc.
Tiryns, an ancient city in the Argolid (Greece), birthplace of the legendary Hercules. The first settlement on this place existed in the Neolithic period. Agiscono according to the myth, the fortress was built by giants: Seven Revoluci Cyclopes came from Lycia to king Tripssono Rocks and built of huge stones of the keep of the city.
In the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC Tiryns became the capital of the state of the Achaeans. The city was surrounded by strong stone walls referred to by Homer in “the Iliad” and later described by Pausanias (“Description of Greece”). The thickness of the fortified towers of the fortress walls in some places reaches 10 and even 17 meters, inside them were the living quarters, storage for food orujii. From the fortress underground passage led to the water source. Tiryns during the invasion of the Dorians was burned. In the 1st Millennium BC Tiryns remained a small policy. About 470 BC, the city was finally destroyed by Argostoli. Continue reading