In some architectural schools (e.g. in England) the number of ribs was great, the builders gave extra rib, so-called lierne, tierceron.
Gothic cross in the arch loads are applied does not on the whole circumference, but only in those places, where the diagonal and axial ribs. This is effective not only to Central but to the side naves. In fact, in the Gothic cathedrals of the wall between the pylons are eliminated and replaced with vast window openings. In this framing system, the places of application of force and a reference point was supposed to strengthen. In this regard, acquire a special role of the buttresses for greater stability which they gave stepped.
In Gothic architecture appear the so-called flying buttresses, which were a crucial element in the overall system balance of the building. The flying buttresses — protivozastojnye elements, “sloping” of the arch (the arch), a fifth adjacent to the base of the vault of the main nave, and the other resting against a massive pillar standing in a row of others on the line of the exterior walls of the building. Continue reading
Each cultural epoch has its own peculiar only to her philosophy and understanding of nature and society, time and space, the order of the universe, the relations of people in society etc. All these representations of the medieval era were shaped by the Christian creed and the Christian Church . The first form of medieval Romanesque aesthetics becomes a type of artistic perception, which reflected the time of feudal fragmentation. In the tenth century artistic culture of the middle Ages were able to create a unified European style that received the name of Romanesque (“in the manner of the Romans”).
Unstable historical situation, the constant conflicts of the knights of the almost incessant wars led to the transformation of architecture in the principal art form of the Romanesque style. Stone buildings in the period of civil strife became fortresses and protect people. These structures had massive walls and narrow Windows. Continue reading
In 1913, French mathematician E. Cartan spoke about the existence in nature of fields arising due to the density of the angular rotation of elementary particles.
“Places of power” and their use
“Places of power” is the surface areas that are beneficial to humans and living organisms. they are called geomagnetic zones (G-zones).
Geomagnetic area is a vertical plane oriented in the direction the compass at intervals of 75-100 m and a width of stripes is 10-50 m. the structure is uneven and in each of them there are zones of higher intensity. The feature of the radiation in these areas is the radiation wavelength (for 21.5 and 62.5 cm), and the nature of their circular polarity.
Positive energy in this zone can accumulate on the media (water, vaseline, cotton wool, apparel). For example, the thus-charged three-liter jar of “living water” is used for the treatment. Continue reading