The most formidable building defensive walls of Mycenae and Tiryns, Sardinian towers, religious buildings Balearic Islands and the island of Malta, the ancient Mexican and Peruvian architecture. The ruins of cyclopean structures are in Mesopotamia, India, Transcaucasia, Crimea, Tajikistan, Siberia. Who and at what time built these enormous edifices, it is not known. Interestingly, some architectural elements of the buildings is clearly “not” the common man is too tall stair treads, huge doorways and Windows, huge stone benches, etc.
Tiryns, an ancient city in the Argolid (Greece), birthplace of the legendary Hercules. The first settlement on this place existed in the Neolithic period. Agiscono according to the myth, the fortress was built by giants: Seven Revoluci Cyclopes came from Lycia to king Tripssono Rocks and built of huge stones of the keep of the city.
In the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC Tiryns became the capital of the state of the Achaeans. The city was surrounded by strong stone walls referred to by Homer in “the Iliad” and later described by Pausanias (“Description of Greece”). The thickness of the fortified towers of the fortress walls in some places reaches 10 and even 17 meters, inside them were the living quarters, storage for food orujii. From the fortress underground passage led to the water source. Tiryns during the invasion of the Dorians was burned. In the 1st Millennium BC Tiryns remained a small policy. About 470 BC, the city was finally destroyed by Argostoli. Continue reading
The term “Romanesque” . emerged in the XIX century Applied to ancient Western European art XIX-the X-XII centuries (in some countries – XIII century)
Architecture. Architecture is the leading art form of the time. Romanesque architecture combines classic elements and elements of local “barbarous” architecture. The most common are the churches, monasteries and castles. The appearance of the Romanesque buildings of simple, massive forms clearly legible objects, with solemn severity, monolithic integrity. Narrow slit-like window-slits reinforces the impression of heaviness, impressive buildings. The focus of life in the early middle ages castles were powerful secular and ecclesiastical lords. Knight’s castle, built usually on a hill, in a remote place, surrounded by thick walls topped with battlements and towers, along the walls not protected by the terrain, came a deep ditch, usually filled with water. The entrance to the fortress served as a fortified portal with a folding bridge.
Refuge of the feudal lords were powerful Donjon tower, which served as the compositional center of the castle, and around it were situated the dwelling and service premises. Continue reading
Old castles are a special attraction of the country and always attracts tourists from all over the world. Visits to the castles excite the imagination, giving rise to thoughts about the life of kings and knights who had revealed himself only in movies or fairy tales. It attracts people who want to see everything unusual and mysterious.
Each lock has its own characteristics, but all are United in their architectural complexity, uniqueness, medieval ago. For comparison below is the top 10 most unusual castles in the world, which should fail.
1.The biggest castle in the world
It is the Prague castle (Hradcany castle), located in the Czech capital Prague. Castle impresses with its size – its area is 7.4 hectares, and a total of nearby 50 hectares surrounding the Castle built in the year 870, has survived many fires and wars. Continue reading