STAINED glass — painting or ornamental composition, made of colored glass (or other light transmissive material), glass painted window, door, in the form of individual panels.
This is a special kind of decorative art, acquiring huge expressiveness in combination with other fine arts, especially architecture.
In fact, stained glass is a mosaic: pieces of colored glass of various shapes and textures, United in various ways, create an expressive composition. Stained glass as a versatile piece of decor is easy and elegant fit into the interior of virtually any style, from solemn classical to the laconic minimalism. Stained glass can make a bright and decisive emphasis to the color ensemble of the interior. Sunlight through stained glass, creates an amazing effect, the unique play of light, which never tire.
The glass surface can be gladkoi or ofakturennogo. Stained glass, usually used for filling window and door openings, skylights and niches, is a special kind of monumental and decorative art and is closely linked to the architecture of the building and interior. Continue reading
As shown in the previous Chapter, many groups over the centuries, changing, replenishing with new facilities and acquired new aesthetic qualities. In addition, each era was created in the historical cities of their ensembles, which often evolved into a single art system with ancient ensembles. All of this suggests that today it is possible and often necessary new construction that complements the historic town of new ensembles or even individual incorporating modern facilities into the existing ensemble construction.
But we must bear in mind that today the blend of old and new becomes a problem many times more complex than before. This is due to the changing scale and technology of new construction, with the necessity of solving a number of complex engineering and social issues with the advent of an entirely new stage in the development of urban culture in the broadest sense of the word. So today it is particularly important that the introduction of the new building in the old city was carried out with great tact and skill, with preliminary thorough study of the historical principles of the buildings of the old town and only in those cases when it is possible to prove the need for such new construction. Continue reading
The very first pyramids are in Sakarya, this is the famous step pyramid. Historians do not doubt, that it was built in several stages, first made a small Mastaba in the form of a trapezoid and then increased in size and shape of the pyramid and on the South side of the clearly visible stages we’ll look at the same pyramid from the other East side
This section of masonry is strictly different from what is on the main pyramid here is very flat rectangular blocks carefully stacked without mortar and slightly above normal backfill fine crushed stone mortar ,clay and the fact that at hand isn’t it strange from a quality construction at a high level suddenly came to the most primitive methods? this suggests that the builders of the Pharaoh did not lose their skills and just not have them …But there was a more ancient building which was already partially destroyed. builders paleino collected from fallen blocks are quickly ended and then the workers began to build as best they could. clay mortar was laid a small, roughly worked stones . Continue reading