Under Kislovodsk archaeologists have found ancient structures for livestock
“In fact, before this score no one did. We are the first expedition, which is studying the traces of ancient husbandry of the population. The purpose of the work – the attempt to clear the system of cattle breeding, which existed among the Alanian tribes that inhabited the Kislovodsk basin in the first Millennium of our era,” said Korobov.
According to him, the expedition explored the stockyards, representing a stone fence, located in the lower part of the Kislovodsk basin now known about the settlements of the Alans, and in the highlands near pass Gum-Bashi.
“The pens look modern, it seems that this folk buildings, characteristic of the Karachays, pasturella and animal husbandry last 200-300 years, but actually in all soil profiles, we find ancient ceramics”, – said the Agency interlocutor.
In particular, near Kislovodsk in birch beam in such structures was found Alanic pottery and other finds,which allows to conclude that these stone corrals were built and were used only Alanian population, he said.
Near pass Gum-Bashi archaeologists have discovered in the pens Koban pottery of the late bronze – early iron age (XI-IV BC).
The interlocutor of the Agency noted that, most likely, Alan in the first Millennium was the Alpine form of pastoralism in which livestock was distilled to summer pastures in the spring and summer, and in winter and autumn were kept there, where the people lived.
“Such activities are still practised today, we work on the ancient corrals, and close shepherds drive the herds into these Alpine areas,” – said Korobov, adding that the expedition participants constantly communicate with locals to find out the features of their traditions.
Kislovodsk basin is a natural region located in the Central part of the North Caucasus, includes the territory of the city of Kislovodsk and its environs. Scientists have discovered more than 900 archaeological sites of different epochs and cultures, ranging from the Maikop culture of the fifth Millennium BC and ending with the discoveries of the New time.
Alans – Iranian-speaking nomadic tribes of Scythian-Sarmatian origin, came to Northern Caucasus in the beginning of BC