Temples of sex
“The woman in these images takes such poses that become visible every curve of her body. Look at the creases on the back, in the hair and earrings. In addition, it is endowed with a sharp mind, the proof is in the mirror that she holds in her hand and which is able to see the future,” the searing heat-soaked monsoon July does not prevent tourists to pay attention to piquant details in the monologue Indian guide. It describes the content of the bas-reliefs of the temple complex Khajuraho – settlements with three thousand inhabitants, lost in the depths of the vast territory of ancient India. Today, the temples in Khajuraho store treasures declared by UNESCO as world cultural heritage.
“The sculptors were their models, ask the tourists, because these postures take is simply impossible. although, if you look closely, you can see the servants that support them on the sides”. At the sight of an amazing string of human bodies, receiving explicit sexual poses, most often affected tourists give such comments. The guide does not get lost, continues to proudly display the art of the ancient Indian masters: “Each of these poses very real. We are much more plastic you, and many of these poses that you think are too complex for us quite natural.
Oh, and: among other things, in skulpturhalle proportions”. This last comment confuses Western visitors, looking at affecting its size of the male genitals carved in stone. Despite the redundancy of the sexual motifs in the design of the temple complex in Khajuraho, its construction is not related to the existence of any specific sect, nor with the administration of some mysterious rituals. In IX-XI centuries in Northern India in the state of Madhya Pradesh rules the Chandela dynasty (Chandela), by order of which were built 85 temples, glorifying the military victories of rulers, won in 930-1050.
In the historical period in Europe was built dark Romanesque Church and was built the Gothic churches that glorify pre-Christian religion. Currently in good condition are only 22 temples from a whole complex of similar buildings in Khajuraho. However, stone reliefs even these preserved buildings give a wonderful insight into the history of the rulers who lived here, alternating the glorification of military victories with explicit sexual scenes, in which among other things presents homosexual acts and acts of bestiality. No fiction, everything is real. In every gesture, in every glance, in every little detail of the ancient Indian masters have tried to reflect the mood and the condition of those whom they depicted on their bas-reliefs.
The gaze is lost in the abundance of details and magnetic splendor forms: “These temples is designed as a puzzle: since you can’t build a solid narrative, has to settle for only some of its fragments,” explains the guide, and then adds that these puzzles may have a completely different interpretation depending on the sequence in which they are treated. “The temples were used for religious ceremonies. But outside of these buildings were permitted the carrying out of such acts, the boundaries of which were defined only by the imagination of the participants.” Despite numerous excavations conducted in this area, and the study of the architectural heritage of the ancient Indian masters, no one dared to give a meaningful explanation to the lush abundance of sexual motifs on the walls of the temples built by rulers of the Chandela dynasty.
Some scientists have linked the decoration of churches with the legend about the origin of the sort of rulers, according to which their descendants a beautiful Hemavati (Hemavati) and the moon-God Chandra (Chandra). According to the legend, one night God saw a beautiful girl bathing, and wanting to seduce her, he assumed the form of a young man, from this passionate Union a boy was born, blessed by the gods. Divine protection There are other theories that explain the story of the creation of temple bas-reliefs. So one of the first British explorers who visited Khajuraho in built in 1868, called them “shockingly indecent”.
According to one theory, the erotic scenes present in the bas-reliefs, are a kind of divine protection of buildings from earthquakes and lightning strikes: to date, none of the temples, decorated with sculptures in explicit sexual poses, were not affected by any natural phenomenon. Other researchers argue that the Chandela just ordered the ancient masters to perpetuate the history of their race and won by the rulers of victories, and in addressing the design of churches rely on the imagination of the sculptors. Masters, in turn, paid in the bas-reliefs of the following five themes: geometric and floral ornament and scenes from court life, animal figurines, images of gods and goddesses and finally, a pair of lovers and female figures in various poses and engaged in various mundane chores – washing the hair or colouring the nails.
Until then, until you find the keys to the true intentions of the creators of temples, the magnificence of complex of buildings in Khajuraho will be shrouded in mystery. But even the aura of mystery it may not violate the pragmatic attitude of the Indian guides, sarcastically giving primitive explanations of the reasons for the erection of the gems of Church architecture: “By order of the Chandela temples were built 85, this number is one more than the number of POS – 84 – described in “Kama Sutra”. Today there are only 22 temples, as this is the maximum number of poses that you can take in one night”. According to legend, the love treatise “Kama Sutra” was written over 18 centuries ago in Benares philosopher and physician Matasanos.