The megalithic complex of Pinako
Pinako first, this is an underground dolmen in Tolosa indoor special laying of stones with underground passage – gallery. A unique megalithic complex, there is speculation that this may be the oldest solar Observatory. Completely till nowadays it has not survived. Initially, it was looted.
Nowadays the territory of the mound was used for agricultural work. Special mounds dispersed by bulldozers. And then began a barbaric way to dig. This unique complex of megalithic structures with a feat scientists to attempt to create a 3D computer model of the megalith.
The location of Pinaco-1
This megalithic complex is located in the Tuapse district 23 km from the town of Tuapse. in the valley of the river Pshenaho. Need to go about another kilometer up the valley of the river Pshenaho from the village of Anastasievskaya, on the right orographic side of the shore located complex. Next you need to go through Prosek from up the valley, there will be a fork. The path going to the left passes through the Ford to the edge of the Apple orchard. From this place you can see a small hill with big oaks, covered with grass and bushes 150 metres.
The modern condition.
Psinka-1 is podsolenny dolmen with an underground passage. After the erection of the dolmen,the ancient builders covered it with stone masonry, treated on the outside with a layer of clay, dug created from machined flat slabs underground passage to the facade of the building from the front side has an opening for a special stone tube, then all the closed stones. Turning to the archaeological language of this structure is called a dolmen in Tholos with dromos. The underground passage goes from the entrance of dolmen to the pit. The length of the passage is about 12 m, its average height and width of 0.5 m, a passage built of flat slabs of irregular shape.
Height under barrow the dolmen of Pinaco-1, about 4.8 km, the approximate diameter of the mound is 57 meters. The dolmen entrance is deployed to the South-West. The age of coal is taken at the bottom of the entrance to the dromos around 40 BC.
The first discoverer and head of research, is senior research fellow Tuapse historical and local lore Museum. N. G. Poletaeva, Terziev Madine Kamboletovich, it was he who discovered the megalith.
At the moment, from the unique megalithic complex little has been preserved. Already in 1972, when it detects its Deshevym the complex was in poor condition. During agricultural work were bulldozed many valuable objects for the study. He later vinilos that the old building was opened many centuries ago by robbers. Perennial and periodic looting disassemble, or in any way even according to the drawings.
Madine himself Kamboletovich put forward the theory that Pinako first, it is the oldest solar Observatory. The stories of the local population, the mound was covered with divergent rays consisting of stone masonry limited stone circle, the cromlech, in the centre was a ground, bounded by boulders. TESEV initially in the reconstruction system, considered as 18-beam, but later reduced the number to twelve rays. In his words, the complex was used for observations of the sun. This megalithic complex is on a par with such structures as Stonehenge and new Grange.