Mysterious ramparts on the East of the Crimea
Mysterious fortifications, the creation of which is ascribed to the Cimmerians or Scythians, are ditches and earthworks. On the Kerch Peninsula there are several shafts. First, the West, located on the isthmus Amanaska, but remained bad. The second crosses a narrow ridge between the Bay and Chitinskoi Aktashskoye lake near the village Semenovka. Third – the longest – traverses across the Kerch Peninsula from the village of Novootradnoye to Kojashsky and uzunlarsky are lakes. Often called Uzunlarskoe shaft.
Two shaft – Bloodless and Tyritake – located near Kerch. The time of the erection of defensive structures are not precisely known. Uzunlarskoe the shaft stretches for 33 km and remained better than others. He stacked on the East side of the ditch, which had originally a depth of 2-5 m and a width of 10-15 m. To date, the shaft apologise and fell, and the ditch has partially filled with sediment and overgrown. In its original form it was a serious obstacle for the cavalry of the enemy. The creators of defensive structures moved from the pit to the shaft of at least one million tons of rocks, limestones, clays and loams.
About Amanaska, Uzunlarskoe or Perekopsky shaft mentions Herodotus, who visited Scythia. By that time the fortification was abandoned. According to Herodotus, it was built by the children of the Scythian slaves who wanted to protect themselves from the Scythians returning from a campaign in Asia minor, prodolzhaiushchikhsia decades. Wives of warriors who have decided that their husbands have died, came into contact with slaves, blinded by the hosts that they run away. The children of slaves grew up and learned the truth, decided to defend himself. They built a ditch and rampart, but stand against the Scythians failed.
The Scythians returned from a long hike in 585 BC according to Herodotus, a fortification was built shortly before that date.
The layout of ancient earthen fortifications on the Kerch Peninsula (A. A. Maslennikov): 1 – existing ramparts and ditches; 2 – not preserved and poorly-preserved fortifications. I – Akmonajsky shaft; II – Uzunlarskoe shaft; III – Tirimacco shaft; IV – Aktash shaft; V – shaft “Bloodless”; VI – Kojashsky shaft
In VII-V centuries BC is “the Great colonization” – the forced migration of Greeks outside the country associated with negative political situation in Asia Minor, scarcity of land and nevostrebovannosti poor free population due to the widespread use by aristocrats-landowners, slave labour.
Landless citizens were attracted not romanticism, and the fertile lands of the ancient world ecumene, inhabited by barbarians, of the river called strangers. A leading role in the colonization of the Northern black sea coast and Taurica played Miletus is a large trade port city on the southwestern coast of Asia Minor. Greeks from Miletus founded about eighty colonies, including the city of Panticapaeum – modern Kerch.
The time of his birth – the first half of the sixth century BC – marks the beginning of the ancient period in the Crimean history, which lasted about a thousand years. The new city soon acquired independence, they preserved the language, traditions and religious cults of the homeland. These were city-States (policies) – centers of Hellenistic culture that maintained a close connection with the mother country. Panticapaeum soon became a major political, trading and cultural center of the whole of the Kerch Peninsula.