The tarhatinsky Megalithic complex
The megalithic complex was investigated in 1994 by an expedition of the Gorno-Altai state University under the leadership of V. I. Soenov. The facility is located in the Chui steppe 20 km to the South-West of the village of Kosh-Agach road from Kosh-Agach – Jazz-Thor 2 km North-West of R. Tarhata.
The tarhatinsky megalithic complex consists of stacked in a circle of stones, rounded boulders and stone formations of varying size from 0.5 m to 6 m in diameter. The largest blocks of size 6x5x4 m. the Inner diameter of the building is 60 m.
On the rocks facilities include petroglyph composition. In the course of their study, it was determined that the facility was constructed in the bronze age, or at least no later than the late bronze age.
The process of construction of object is not clear enough and therefore, given that the nearest exit of bedrock is located 12 km North-West of the megalithic complex, one can propose two hypotheses: 1. All the rocks brought by a glacier, then arranged the people according to the plan (or only the big rocks brought by the glacier, and smaller – brought by the people during construction), 2. All the stones were brought by people.
If we talk about the first hypothesis, it is not tenable. First, glacial moraines near have a completely different character than the megalithic stones of the object; secondly, underwater slopes where close races nearby,none of the other parts of Gorny Altai is not detected and the localization of the glacier such amount of aggregate in one place seems unlikely (or rather improbable). Therefore, the most probable is the second hypothesis of the transportation of people stones from the nearest exit of bedrock especially for the construction of this facility.
On the appointment of the Tarhatinsky megalithic complex, clearly to speak very early. Probably it was multi-functional. The architectural features mentioned above and some geographic characteristics of the object indicate its astronomical purpose.